Global Burden of Disease Studies

The Global Burden of Disease Studies translate prevalence data into burden quantified as years of life lost to disability (YLDs). They do this by applying disability weights for the many and various health states generated by living with disease, developed through a process of worldwide consultation.
The Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD2010) was undertaken by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, with funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The Global Campaign's contributions were to ensure inclusion not only of migraine (which was included in the earlier GBD2000) but also of tension-type headache, to collate the worldwide epidemiological evidence for each of these disorders, and to describe the health states associated with them for the purpose of assigning disability weights.
These contributions resulted in important findings: tension-type headache and migraine are the second and third most prevalent diseases in the world and migraine the 6th highest cause of YLDs.
The Global Burden of Disease Study is being regularly updated. The Global Campaign's contribution to GBD2013 showed that medication-overuse headache was the 18th highest cause of disability, and headache disorders collectively are third [reference 1].

Reference
1. Steiner TJ et al. Headache disorders are third cause of disability worldwide. J Headache Pain 2015; 16: 58. [view document]

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PDF icon Headache 3d cause of disability (Headache_3rd_cause_of_disability_JHP_2015_16_58.pdf | 365 kB)